Abstracts
Krupp, F., Abuzinada, A.H. & Nader, I.A. (eds.), A Marine Wildlife Sanctuary for the Arabian Gulf. Environmental research and conservation following the 1991 Gulf War Oil Spill. NCWCD, Riyadh and Senckenberg Research Institute, Frankfurt a.M.
 

Trial planting of mangroves (Avicennia marina) and salt-marsh plants (Salicornia europaea) in oil-impacted soil in the Jubail area, Saudi Arabia

A b s t r a c t: Salt-marshes and mangroves of the Saudi Arabian Gulf coast were identified as the most severely affected habitats following the 1991 Gulf War oil spill. Very little natural re-establishment has been observed within the intertidal salt-marshes between Ras az-Zaur and Abu Ali Island. Small-scale planting of the mangrove Avicennia marina and the salt-marsh plant Salicornia europaea were carried out, using a variety of planting techniques, to determine the feasibility of habitat restoration. After being planted into oiled substrate using suitable planting techniques, mangroves survived for at least two and a half years, while salt-marsh plants survived for at least seven months, in good condition. As Salicornia is an annual plant it dies off in winter, but no seeds were seen to germinate.

 
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