Abstracts Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 166.1994, Frankfurt a.M.

Status and recovery of the intertidal vegetation after the 1991 Gulf War oil spill

A b s t r a c t: The 1991 Gulf War oil spill caused severe damage to the intertidal vegetation along the Saudi Arabian Gulf coast. Along a 45 km stretch of intertidal mangroves and salt-marshes between Ras az-Zaur and Abu Ali Island, Salicomia europaea is almost extinct. Dwarf mangrove (Avicennia marina) and salt-marshes dominated by Arthrocnemum macrostachyum and Halocnemum strobilaceum are severely damaged. Halopeplis peifoliata and Limonium axillare salt-marshes are relatively unaffected. The natural re-establishment of the vegetation will be protracted unless measures are taken to aid recovery.


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