Feltkamp, E. & Krupp, F. (eds.), Establishment of a Marina Habitat and Wildlife Sanctuary for the Gulf Region. Final report of phase II. Jubail, Frankfurt a.M.

Resource Use and Conflicts of Interest

Roger Webster

A b s t r a c t: This study is concerned with the interests of local people in the area of the Sanctuary and how these may be reconciled with the needs of conservation. After a brief survey of the historical and archaeological records, the paper describes the economic and recreational activities currently practised by the local people in the area of the Wildlife Sanctuary. These activities include hunting, trapping, grazing of livestock, fishing from the shore and from boats, and picnicking. The study describes the relative scale of each of these activities, their economic and/or cultural importance to local communities, and their environmental consequences. The most serious conflict, and the most difficult to resolve, arises from overgrazing by livestock and the erosion associated with Bedouin settlement sites. Some means of dealing with this problem are discussed. Other conflicts of interest are more amenable to control through a management plan. It is envisaged that controlled levels of grazing, fishing and recreational use will continue to be permitted in most of the reserve. The proximity of the Sanctuary to a growing urban area provides opportunities to develop recreational and educational services it will be important to explain the local, regional and international significance of the Sanctuary to local people so as to enlist their support.